THE RIFAT CHADIRJI PRIZE
Rebuilding the liberated areas: mosul's housing
Architect: Mostafa W. Alani
The suffering of civilians who have fled death in Mosul is horrifying. These people require immediate support. With a consideration of limited resources, this proposed design divides the process of rebuilding houses in Mosul into two phases. In phase one (the Seeds), the aim is to meet the immediate needs of the people. The Seeds will be the primary components for new city housing. This phase is designed to satisfy the core basic needs of the affected civilians. In phase two (the Metamorphosis), the aim is to reestablish the city fabric, avoid populating regions with replicated houses, by allowing the residents of the Seeds to make informed decisions about the final output, at both the spatial organization level and the facade design level. Generative grammar was developed and computational processes were employed to help in that regard.
It is extremely important to appreciate the historical depth of the city by preserving and renovating—when possible—existing historic houses. However, understanding that preservation and renovation are not always possible, the proposed project engages the process of designing new homes actively as it calls for not copying the past, rather it calls for investigating the process that is responsible for producing the designs and reproducing a version of that process that represent our time. Such engagement produces designs that are a natural evolution of the design morphology and which are representative of the contemporary architecture of Mosul.
For more about the generative method, please refer to the paper published at the SIGRADI conference 2018.